The African Development Bank, AfDB has pledged to double its climate finance commitments for the period 2020-2025.
The Bank’s President, Akinwumi A. Adesina disclosed the bank’s intention at the One Planet Summit that took place in Nairobi, recently. He said that the Bank would commit at least US$25 billion towards climate finance.
Speaking at a plenary session that had Heads of State, including President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya, and French President Emmanuel Macron present, Adesina also announced that the Bank is on course to achieve its target of allocating 40% of its funding to climate finance by 2020.
The Bank’s commitment to the target is said to be the highest among all multilateral development banks and has progressed steadily from 9% in 2016 to 28% in 2017 and 32% in 2018.
Considering Africa’s high vulnerability despite contributing the least to climate change, the AfDB has successfully raised its adaptation finance from less than 30% of total climate finance to parity with mitigation in 2018. It was noted that the Bank will continue the trend into the future.
“The required level of financing is only feasible with the direct involvement of the entire financial sector.”
“Consequently, the Bank launched the African Financial Alliance for Climate Change (AFAC) to link all stock exchanges, pension and sovereign wealth funds, central Banks and other financial institutions of Africa to mobilize and incentivize the shift of their portfolios towards low carbon and climate resilient investments.”
In another milestone announcement, the AfDB President said, “It is not good enough to simply ask countries to stay away from polluting technologies.
“We have to be proactive in exploring alternatives. We will, therefore, be launching the ‘green baseload’ facility under the Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa (SEFA 2.0) to provide concessional finance and technical assistance to support the penetration and scale-up of renewable energy, to provide affordable and reliable renewable energy baseload.”
It was also noted that several donors, including Canada, Denmark, Germany, Norway, Italy, the UK and USAID have indicated their interest in this transformative instrument, which will also help to replace coal.
Adding that the AfDB has played a critical role in building Africa’s clean energy capacities. The Bank’s last investment in a coal project was 10 years ago. Additionally, and in line with its ambitious New Deal on Energy for Africa, 95% of all Bank investments in power generation over the 2016-18 period have been in renewables.
The “Desert to Power” program, a $10 billion initiative to build a 10 GW solar zone across the Sahel—the largest in the world— would provide electricity for 250 million people. Together with partners such as the Green Climate Fund and the EU, the Bank has now financed the first project under this Initiative: The Yeleen Rural Electrification Project in Burkina Faso.
Some of the Bank’s key projects include the co-financing of the 510 MW Ouarzazate Solar Complex in Morocco, one of the largest solar complexes in the world.